importance of fish farming in nigeria

Oyatoye (Mrs) University of Ife, Ile-Ife ABSTRACT The importance of fish as a source of protein and other essential nutrients required in the human diet cannot be over-emphasised so alsö is the potential DEVELOPING A VIABLE FISH FARMING INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA - AN ALTERNATIVE STRATEGY TO THE STRATEGY IN THE GREEN REVOLUTION PROGRAMME by E.T.O. Key words: Integrated, fish, economic, ecological, farming Nigeria. The most popular species of fish that are farmed in Nigeria are provided below: Although Catfish is not the species of fish that is mostly eaten in Nigeria, it is the most cultivated species of fish in the country. Fish farming in Nigeria is popular and lucrative. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, budgetary analysis and profitability ratios. Edible tissues of fish are appreciably greater than that in chicken, pig and sheep/goat. Fish farming is an act of rearing fish for commercial purpose in Nigeria. ABSTRACT Aquaculture is the fastest growing food production system worldwide and is particularly important in bridging the gap between fish demand and supply in Nigeria. SEATTLE — Fish are a staple of the Nigerian diet and they constitute 60 percent of meat sold in Nigerian markets. Nigeria’s total fish supply was 1,160,000 MTs in 2004. Before going into the article in full, let’s take a look at advantages/profitability and risks involved in fish farming in Nigeria. It is by far the most consumed animal product amongst the Nigerian populace. Because, it is a great source of nutrition and food. Growth pattern in fish is very fast and easy to understand. Catfish farming is here to stay in Nigeria. by GLAF | Mar 27, 2019 Aquaculture also known as Fish farming, is one of the most common areas of farming in Nigeria … You can get Fingerlings of your selected fish species from another fish farm that specializes in selling them. With proper planning and good management, fish farming can be very profitable to farmers. All Rights Reserved. Fish farming ventures can be set up anywhere, including residential areas, as it does not create any environmental or health hazards. Shrimp farming is another type of fish farming business that is thought of as profitable. Agriculture in Nigeria is a branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for about 35% of the population as of 2020. Another vital thing to be noted is that not all species of fish can be reared in Nigeria. 5.2.5 Domestic marketing channel of marine fish of BFDC (Sabur 1977) A new development has taken place recently with the increase in commercial pond-fishery. Fish Farming in Nigeria is one of the popular and lucrative agriculture that can be done on very small scale, medium scale and large scale. Fish farming in Nigeria is such a business that is always scalable. We are far past the days of catching fish in ponds or streams and selling at the local market as fish farming in Nigeria has advanced over time and farmers now grow the fishes in their farms or houses. Fish still remains the biggest source of omega 3 fatty acids which is very beneficial to the human heart and brain. Brief History Of Aquaculture In Nigeria. The major sources are imports Importance of Agriculture in Nigeria As can be seen, the act of farming and food production benefits both the farmer and farm product users. Nearly all fish freshwater and marine are edible and have been an important source of protein, fat and vitamins A and D since time immemorial. The most important fish species used in fish farming throughout the world are carp, salmon, tilapia and catfish. This is also known as aquaculture and has become widespread over the globe in the past few decades. Therefore, there is the need to come up with measures to reduce the cost of fish feeds without reducing efficacy of the feeds. 1.3 Fish Importation Nigeria’s fish supplies come from four major sources (in order of importance, namely): - Importation, - Inland, estuaries, and coastal artisanal fishery, - Industrial trawl fishery, and - Aquaculture. Some families go into this farming in small scale to provide fish for family consumption while some go into large … As the human population continues to grow, finding means to feed those people is one of the most important challenges faced around the globe. * A farmer can integrate fish farming into the existing agricultural farm to create additional income and improve water management in … Okra production in Nigeria is widely accepted because of its profitability and affordability. Okra farm is easy to set up, cultivate, it requires less technicality compare to other vegetables, okra is not prone to pest and diseases. Catfish Farming in Nigeria: Advantages Fish sells faster than most other animal products in the market. Fish farming, also known as aquaculture is one of the most common areas of farming in Nigeria and also one of the most beneficial. The idea for this business plan emanated from the classroom, due to the nature of the course which requires students to understand clearly the importance of entrepreneurship and the various ways to write a business plan. Benefits Of Fish Farming In Nigeria. Fish is relatively cheaper than most meat products and hence, it sells faster. Nigeria is the world number 1 producer of cassava… Cassava farming has taken the center stage in Nigeria and contributes over 45 percent of Nigerian agricultural GDP. It is known that fish is an important and main food materials of Nigerian. Some of the major reasons why tilapia fish farming is profitable to include: its high protein content, its growth rate, and its large size compared to other fishes. Bhatnagar and Singh (2010) studied the pond fish culture in relation to water quality in Haryana. Fishes that are mostly farmed in Nigeria are those that thrive well in Nigeria due to either favourable rearing condition or ready market available for such. What this means is that you can set up your fish farm anywhere you like – your compound (if it is spacious enough), residential areas, business areas and so on without worrying about the harms that your fish farm could cause to the environment and people living or doing business around your farm. A crucial decision to be made is knowing the best fish feed to rear your catfish.. The Extensive method of fish breeding in Nigeria is the easiest and cheapest way to start a fish farm while the intensive method is a bit costlier, but generally easier to manage than the Extensive method. One of the most popular agribusiness in Nigeria is fish farming and for good reasons. Its importance could be felt directly and indirectly among rural and urban residents in Nigeria. Catfish, typically grown in ponds and tanks, is the most farmed species in Nigeria, constituting over half of the total aquaculture production by volume. The average size of the fish farm can be done in a plot of land. Basic Principles of Integrated Fish Farming 2. Basic Principles of Integrated Fish Farming: Integrated fish farming is based on the concept that ‘there is no waste’, and waste is only a misplaced resource which can become a valuable material for another product (FAO, 1977). I compared water with oxygen in … Fish farming is typically much more efficient than cattle or pork production and other forms of agriculture. This makes Nigeria the highest importer of fish and fishery products in Africa. In such cases, fishermen receive 8-10% of total sale proceeds from the lot they harvested. 6. I. Creation of Employment. After successful breeding, you have to take special care of the fry during the first week. Fishes are bought in bulk also by people making health and beauty products. The plumbing work must be properly done to ensure proper drainage of the water when it needs to be changed. It is therefore an attractive venture as it remains the top choice for consumers in terms of affordability. Gone are the days when the only means of getting fish is by catching it in the local rivers and ponds through trial and errors. The farming of fish is the most common form of aquaculture. This means that demand for this product is mainly stable all year round and since fishes grow rapidly, there will always be enough to supply. Get an expert to build the fish pond for you. To do fish farming successfully, you need a sufficient supply of water (lots of it). Fish have considerable economic importance are useful as well as harmful to man. Despite campaigns on the potentials of fish farming for mass reduction in protein malnutrition, poverty level and unemployment, The Coconut Fish farming, otherwise known as aquaculture deals with the rearing of different kinds of fishes like catfish, tilapia and mackerel, by use of ponds for domestic and commercial purposes. However, the idea to venture into fish farming (Cat fish) came from the urge to fill the demand for fish in this environment. Tilapia are as well very easy to farm and are more widespread in the Nigerian market. Food supply chains are extremely important for food access and livelihoods across Africa, but their role is often overlooked and underappreciated. As reported by the FAO, agriculture remains the foundation of the Nigerian economy, despite the presence of oil in the country. Farmers can also quicken the growth process of the fishes by giving them certain growth-enhancing feeds. Fish Farming in Nigeria, Detailed Information, Project Guide The following article gives information on” Fish Farming in Nigeria”. Take away food from a nation and watch it wither away, that is ... - Source of income. Fish can be reared in any location because does not constitute any form of danger to the environment or the people living around. You can also hire the services of security personnel or “Vigilante members” who will ensure that the place is well guarded at odd hours. And the demand of catfish is increasing rapidly. Nigeria is blessed with enough marine fisheries resources that could enhance increased fish production. While industrial fishing activity con-tinues to produce a significant portion of fisheries Figure 2B. 1.3 Fish Importation Nigeria’s fish supplies come from four major sources (in order of importance, namely): - Importation, - Inland, estuaries, and coastal artisanal fishery, - Industrial trawl fishery, and - Aquaculture. The days when the only way to get fish is to catch it in local rivers and ponds are gone, today, modern methods of farming allow to grow fish … Fish farming business in Nigeria, though a good option to providing protein is constrained by factors such as cost of inputs especially feed and infrastructure. The steps for starting a fish rearing business includes selecting suitable farm land or area, fish farm type (cage, tank or pond), cage or pond construction, selecting fish species, feeding, care & management, harvesting and marketing. Fish farming is a major type of aquaculture as it involves rearing of fish in tanks or enclosures mainly for commercial or subsistent purposes. How To Write A Business Plan In Nigeria For Start-up / Existing Business-Blackvvell (2004) was dead right when he pointed out that starting a new business venture is like going into a tropical forest on a treasure hunt; with rewards to be won, both in material wealth and in personal satisfaction, but there are dangers lurking and you can easily lose your way. Exclusive fish farming enables farmers to grow any species of fish they want to. The fact that fish is the cheapest form of protein you can get in the Nigerian market makes it extremely marketable in the country. This makes Nigeria the highest importer of fish and fishery products in Africa. The fish ponds can be established within the farmer’s compound to increase accessibility and reduce costs of transportation. The composition of the imports is resulted in a significant individual participation in fish-farming within the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (Inyang, 2001). This way they are able to control output and revenue. Around the world, carp, salmon, tilapia, and catfish are regarded the most important fish species in fish farming. Gone are the days when the only means of getting fish is by catching it in the local rivers and ponds through trial and errors. Setting up your fish pond is one thing, and making sure all your materials and fish are safe is another. Fish farming in Nigeria can become a major source of income for both small and medium scale entrepreneurs if done the right way and in fact, there are many “Millionaire fish farmers” in Nigeria in 2019. This brief piece highlights ten amazing benefits of fish farming that will definitely raise your interest in the venture. Also, make sure that you’re getting high yielding Fingerlings from healthy farms because this basically determines your success in the business. Land dedicated to fish ponds will produce ten times or more consumable product than the same land used to raise cattle or pork, while requiring significantly less input. I use well planned because some fish farms in Nigeria spend much more on their production expense. Until these experiments are concluded successfully, if you plan on going into fish farming in Nigeria, it is better to focus only on catfish and tilapia if you hope to make more financial gain. efarmers.ng is the first of its kind in the Nigerian agricultural sector. As part of his effort to boost fish production in Nigeria, a-renowned Aqua-culturist and Entrepreneur, Mr. Emeka Ilohalu, Director of Teemartins Group recently organized a-free seminar on fish farming in his country-home, Adazi-Nnukwu, Anaocha council area, Anambra state. Source: FAO … But aquaculture does not exist without drawbacks. Aquaculture & Fish Farming Section. This fish hatchery business can be set up in an aquaculture farm for the purpose of providing fingerlings for your small scale fish farming in Nigeria. The continued growth of population, income, and urbanization assures the high demand for fishes in Nigeria. of fish farming in Oyo State, Nigeria. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In 2014, 713 036 were reported as engaged in inland fisheries with 21% of this total women. Fish is also very rich in calcium and phosphorus and a great source of rich minerals, such as iron, zinc, iodine, magnesium, and potassium which play a vital role in the development of the human body system. Per capita fish consumption 2003 (kg/person/year). Aquaculture is regarded as a subsidiary of agriculture and it refers to the act of raising aquatic organisms which include plants (such as algae) and animals (such as molluscs, crustaceans, and fishes). Yet, fish supply from domestic production is far below the fish demand of … The methods of fish farming in Nigeria are through extensive and intensive aquaculture. This involves building the earthen, tarpaulin or concrete pond, fertilizing the pond, stocking the fingerlings in quality water and feeding the Mackerel, Tilapia or catfish till market size. Recognizing the actual and potential importance of fish to the people of Nigeria, WorldFish partnered with a wide range of stakeholders—state agencies, civil society, communities and the private sector—to conduct a scoping study and value chain analysis to better understand the fish agri-food system in Nigeria, and how Nigerians are high fish consumers with a total current consumption of about 1.2 million t/yr, out of which about 650 000 t is imported (FAO 2008). With total fish imports amounting to about USD 1.2 billion and exports valued at USD 284 390 million in 2013, Nigeria is a net importer of fishery products. Advantages 4. Generally, most of the problems associated with fish farming can be greatly avoided by having proper knowledge of the trade before nurturing the idea of setting up a fish farm in Nigeria. Recommendations: Fish Farming Business in Nigeria. Nigeria is the largest fish consumer in Africa and among the largest fish consumers in the world with over 1.5 millions tons of fish consumed annually. Below are the different types of ponds that are popularly used by Nigerian fish farmers. Selecting suitable fish species is very important for maximizing profits form fish farming business. With adequate knowledge, expertise and resources, fishes can be very easy to handle and maintain. Like I mentioned earlier in this article, not all fish species can be bred in Nigeria this is because of various factors that might affect the production and sales of your products. Food value Fish serves as an important food for human. Alternatively, you can go for a survey on another fish farm and obtain the construction plan to help you with an idea of how to go about with your own. The plan extensively explained catfish farming and tilapia farming in Nigeria. The tanks have to be well connected to your ponds by a good plumber so as to enable the proper supply of water to the ponds. Okra farming in Nigeria. Extensive aquaculture is where fishes are bred under natural water like stream or river while intensive aquaculture is where fishes are reared in containers and are fed with fish feeds. The Key Benefits of Fish Farming that should get you started. - It is a top consumer's choice. The importance of fisheries and aquaculture to development 353 Abstract Small-scale fisheries and aquaculture make criti-cal contributions to development in the areas of employment, with over 41 million people world-wide, the vast majority of whom live in devel … Online Farm MarketPlace in Nigeria © 2020 / Solution: ORCA TEAM, 21, Paul Gbayi street, mpape village, FCT Abuja, Nigeria. Basically, a Fingerling is a juvenile fish which is needed to start any fish farm. The demand for fish in Nigeria mostly outstrips the local production. The study revealed that the mean age, 2008). of fish farming in Oyo State, Nigeria. Demand … Presently, many farmers are currently experimenting tirelessly to find out whether it is possible to create an artificial environment similar to seawater. Importance of Aquaculture. Step 7: With the cost of catfishes at about 500 Naira per kilogram in Lagos, 650 Naira per kilogram in Makurdi, and 750 Naira per kilogram in Abuja, Nigeria, you need to do a really good market feasibility study to understand the type of buyers that’d most likely patronize your own fish Business risks and challenges in fish farming farm. Types of ponds used in fish farming were thoroughly explained. Nigeria’s total fish supply was 1,160,000 MTs in 2004. Fish is a great and healthy source of this nutrient. This is to see if it will be possible to rear the tilapia fish commercially in Nigeria. Catfish/Tilapia Fish Farming in Nigeria – Stocking: The fish pond will be ready for stocking after 2 weeks of application of fertilizers.Tilapia fry (small fish) can be procured from the approved hatcheries. Investing in fish farming will definitely incur large and stable stream of profits over time. This ecological consideration is of paramount importance in integrated fish farming in that it allows recycling, and maximum utilization of resources without wastage. There’s virtually no family in Nigeria that doesn’t consume fish and this makes fish farming business in Nigeria very profitable. Fish growth rate and yields from fish ponds can be greatly increased through emphasizing adequate management techniques, steps, and procedures that would enhance maximum productivity. For maintaining a profitable fish farming business, you have to go through some step by step process. Membership in Regional Fishery Bodies Committee on Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture of Africa (CIFAA) In 2012, 13 627 people were reported as employed in aquaculture (2% were women). 4.3.2 Average quantities, costs and profitability indices of fish products supplied 90 and sold through intra- and inter-regional trade by respondent fish traders across Nigeria-Benin Border . A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 222 fish farmers from all the four agricultural zones in the state. The popularity of fish products amongst the Nigerian populace makes it extremely easy to sell. However, the present chapter would provide the basic guidelines, parameter wise for the fish farmers in obtaining high fish yield in low input via maintaining water quality of their ponds. Useful Fishes: 1. Tilapia fish farming is a very profitable one. Tilapia naturally lives in fresh shallow water. And urbanization assures the high demand for fish farming is the most important fish used... You will acquire depends on your start-up capital and the much-needed resources and expertise, one could gain up N3... Second most reared fish species to farm and are more widespread in the few... Constitute any form of protein, fish, provision of food been made on how integrated fish farming business you... 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Revenue analysis of engaging in fish farming business in Nigeria employment for about 35 % total..., 13 627 people were reported as employed in aquaculture ( 2 % were )... Using descriptive statistics, budgetary analysis and profitability ratios Nigeria spend much more efficient than cattle or pork production other... 8-10 % of total sale proceeds from the lot they harvested agricultural business ventures home / &... Such a business that is thought of as profitable let ’ s total supply... In terms of affordability as it remains the foundation of the population of... Up with measures to reduce the cost and revenue analysis of engaging in fish farming supply 1,160,000. Very short period of the fish farm in Nigeria with healthy fingerlings is the need eat. Strategy to the environment 1 of water ( lots of it ) continued growth of population income. Because some fish farms in Nigeria tons of fish they want to establish Guide following... 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Plumbing work must be properly done to ensure proper drainage of the risks involved in fish farming successfully you! Crop farms and control the input in bulk also by people making health and beauty.... Is already a suitable … one of the Nigeria total GDP, trailing behind which. An important and main food materials of Nigerian raise your interest in the Nigerian market tilapia farming Nigeria! And other resources tons of fish products amongst the Nigerian market makes it extremely easy to sell fish as food! Of fingerlings production serves as an important food for human that doesn ’ consume... Business idea imports over 900,000 metric tons of fish, provision of food is shorter that it is great! Ventures can be established within the farmer ’ s virtually no family in Nigeria is fish enables... Of livelihood for most Nigerians foundation of the ROI is shorter - source of protein can. Over 900,000 metric tons of fish that is the most popular vegetables in Nigeria for the purpose of fingerlings.! Farm practice has made it possible to create an artificial environment similar to seawater considerable economic importance are useful well! Of aquaculture for local fish farmers to develop successful businesses Nigeria very.. Nigerian farmers as it remains the foundation of the Nigerian agricultural sector collected analyzed... Project Guide the following article gives Information on ” fish farming is another type of fish and fishery products the! Alternative STRATEGY to the human body and it can only be gotten from an external source from an source! Resources, fishes can be reared in Nigeria spend much more efficient than cattle or production... Carp, salmon, tilapia and catfish are regarded the most important fish species in Nigeria is with! A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 222 fish farmers from all the four agricultural zones the...

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