dog food ingredients to avoid

When pea protein is included in your pet's food, the manufacturer could be trying to make up for a lack of meat-based protein. However, you should do your very best to prevent your dog from consuming any onions. MSG (monosodium glutamate) is prevalent in many prepared foods. Yes, but not in the form of vegetable oil, which is primarily composed of cheap corn and soybean oils. Lastly, corn is a subsidized, very cheap grain, so its inclusion is a marker that your pet food is looking to cut corners on nutrition for profit. You might even want to check your food, as some of these ingredients can be found in people food as well. A family pet is additionally component of the household, so it is essential … If the ingredients list starts with something you haven’t heard of or if you have any reason to question whether it is a high-quality ingredient, you are better off choosing something else. As long as you do your best to choose a product that will meet your dog’s nutritional needs in a healthy way, you should be good to go. BHA /BHT Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) has … Make sure all the ingredients listed as fats or oils in your pet's food come from named, known sources. Animal digest is another non-descript meat source produced by the chemical or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean animal tissue that has not undergone decomposition. The types to avoid are grains like whole wheat and soy. One of the best ways to begin is learning how to read pet food labels, so you can avoid the ingredients harmful to your dog’s health. Manufacturers add salt to pet food for flavour and to encourage drinking (although salt consumption can lead to dehydration). Also, since it has a high protein concentration for a grain, it is often added to dog food to raise the protein percentages. There aren't many ingredients that get as much buzz in the press as gluten does these days. Recent studies link high sugar substitute intake with high blood sugar, reduced bioavailability of plant-based proteins, propylene glycol may be toxic in large amounts, Containing 55% protein in its concentrated form, Spirulina for Dogs: Tips for Supporting Senior Dogs, 10 Dog Training Tips for First Time Pet Owners, Milk Thistle for Dogs: Protecting Your Dog's Liver. While corn itself is a whole grain, there are a number of things wrong with it as an ingredient in pet foods. With prolonged feeding of these foods, your dog will suffer from lack of nutrition and even increased risk of digestion, immune, and heart issues caused by the low-quality ingredients in their food. Another non-descript protein source. Top 10 Dog Food Ingredients to Avoid. The problem with white flour is that it causes a spike and then drop in blood sugar, causing you (or your dog) to be hungry again soon after consuming it. Potential allergens such as dairy, soy, sesame, eggs, and nuts are also possible inclusions. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(4133719, '1b13c2ba-6e6b-46a7-89b4-4fd6eca0e6e7', {}); Look for sustainable, wild-caught salmon for lower levels of pollutants and a reduced cancer risk. There are several starchy foods to avoid. You want the best food for your dog, but that's not easy when marketing and economics get in the way of what's healthful for your pet. These are just some of the ingredients that should be avoided in dog food. Their inclusion in the diet only feeds your dog's sweet tooth, which can make him crave sugar. Currently parent of three adopted cats and one small mutt. These include sweet potatoes and peas. Here is a list of Healthy Grain Friendly Dog Foods without peas, lentils, legumes and potatoes. Home » 10 Ingredients to Avoid in Dog’s Food: Make Sure Your Pal Is Eating Right! Is your pet suffering? Ingredients to avoid Ingredients are listed by category, to search within this page please press control-F to perform a search for a specific ingredient if you don't know the category. Look for healthy sources of fats that include high levels of omega 3 fatty acids, such as named fish oils (salmon), olive oil, or flaxseed oil. For more information on dog food ingredients click here. Cellulose is plant or wood fibers. If your dog doesn't need it at all, there's no need to include it. Animal by-products are all the remnants of the animal carcass after all the meat and bones have been removed (probably to be used in the meat and bone meal above). Until more research is available, avoid these potentially harmful additives whenever you can. The truth is, grain and vegetable-based protein sources are just not as usable to pets as their meat protein counterparts. But, while soy may have some benefits for you, there are few things it does for pets. “Flavour” can also cover up those undesirable ingredients that manufacturers know you are looking out for, like MSG. By-products . Overconsumption of white flour can lead to weight gain, obesity, and diabetes. If it's lower than that, it's less likely to make a big difference in the protein makeup of your pet's food. According to the FDA: “With respect to flavors, pet foods often contain "digests," which are materials treated with heat,enzymes and/or acids to form concentrated natural flavors. If you really want to do what is best for your dog, you should learn about his basic nutritional needs and take the time to figure out how to read a pet food label. For more dental care options check out our recommendations for dental treats for dogs with bad breath. You can't trust the brands themselves, as pet food companies can use tricks to make their food appear better than it actually is. It is a possible carcinogen and has been linked to serious illness. – Peas, Lentils, Legumes and Potatoes are suspected. The package and the commercials can be misleading, but the ingredient list offers a more truthful look at what's actually in your dog's food. Dogs are considerably more receptive to gluten-containing grains than cats are, but many still develop allergies and suffer from digestive distress due to the unnecessarily high quantities of grains in the standard processed kibble diet. Yes, it's a common ingredient in newer antifreeze. The exception to this rule, of course, is for synthetic vitamin and mineral supplements which can sometimes have strange names. It is important to feed only the hypoallergenic dog food, avoiding all other foods, treats and even flavored medications such as chewable heartworm preventives, antibiotics, and pain relievers. Why choose artificial when there are plenty of natural, delicious flavours out there? Once again, if your pet food contains plenty of real, quality meat, your dog or cat won't need any added flavour enhancers. In addition to plenty of high-quality proteins, healthy animal-based fats are also valuable additions to a high-quality dog food. Which dog food ingredients should you avoid right now? Look for nutrient-rich vegetables, such as sweet potato, to provide necessary carbohydrates and look for plenty of named meats such as chicken, pork, beef, or salmon for quality meat protein. What are the bad ingredients in dog food? These ingredients are likely processed less and contain more natural nutrients and usable protein. Pea protein has risen to popularity as an ingredient in many cheaper grain-free pet foods. This brand of dry dog food has ingredients that have been considered dangerous for dogs to eat, as it includes as chemicals including BHA, xantham gum, BHT, corn gluten, and food coloring. Self-educated pet care nerd. With these measures, you shouldn't have to rely on a dental food for your pet with questionable ingredients. Chocolates, bacon and fats, salty foods, garlic and onions, dairy products, grapes, raisins, candies, gum just to name a few. Why risk it? You don’t know what you’re getting. A common allergen, soy is best to avoid altogether if you have pets. However, these six chemicals are the most unhealthy and dangerous ingredients added to dog food. That's my current list of dog food ingredients to avoid! Other ingredients to avoid include artificial colors, flavors, sugars, fillers, and byproducts. 12 Toxic Ingredients to Avoid in Dog Food 1. Here is a list of common pet food ingredients we recommend you avoid! A good rule of thumb to follow when it comes to the ingredients in your dog’s food is that if you don’t know what it is, it probably isn’t good for him. If your dog's food has enough quality meat protein in it, your dog won't need any flavour enhancement. They are legally allowed, approved and added to our companion animals food by government agencies that monitor our pet food industry. If you want to stick to healthy animal by-products, look for foods that use named animal parts, like heart, liver, or kidney as opposed to unnamed and questionable animal by-products. “Dog Food Ingredients to Avoid” If you are a dog proprietor that looks after your family pet, after that you recognize for sure that maintaining them healthy and balanced is your utmost top priority. Does this one sound familiar? Brewers rice is a common carbohydrate source in low quality dog foods, but it's also an ingredient you should avoid. While fats from animals can be healthy for your dog, “animal fat” or “poultry fat” comes from unidentified animals, which in the pet food industry often means 4D – dead, diseased, dying, or disabled – animals. Avoid Too Much Corn And Rice Corn and rice are often used as a filler in dog food. While all of these ingredients are legal to put in dog food in Canada, they've been outlawed in many countries, and are just not worth the risk. Below, you will find the 10 most dangerous ingredients in pet food, along with common signs of toxicity, and help in selecting the right kinds of treats. The ingredients can be diseased, from dead animals, from expired meat sections in grocery stores (complete with plastic packaging), or even include tumours – you name it. Just choose a dog food with healthy ingredients, including naturally-sweetened fruits and vegetables and hearty named meats such as chicken. What to Avoid in a Grain-Free Dog Food. Look for real meats you can recognize, such as whole deboned chicken, turkey, lamb, beef, or salmon, or meals of these meats. But if he doesn’t, there may not be any reason for you to buy a limited ingredient diet or a dog food made with an expensive protein source. There are a variety of animal-based protein ingredients that should be avoided. Avoid foods with grains rather than protein. The first step is checking for these 24 bad dog food ingredients. There are so many good, healthful things you can include in your dog's diet. Drink cola? Next Pumi Dogs: 3 Reasons Why They Might … Fat provides your dog with a concentrated source of energy as well as omega fatty acids for skin and coat health. According to a farmed salmon brochure by David Suzuki and the cited Journal of Nutrition (2005), levels of 13 fat-soluble pollutants are almost 10 times higher in farmed salmon than in wild salmon. Meat is healthy for your pet. Bad dog food can make dogs sick and unhealthy over time. That means that your dog will not be able to use all of the protein within peas. Dog food does not have to be blue in color to contain these harmful dyes; the ingredient can still be found in many dog food products. This recent additive in food is being used more and more. At that point, you can keep your dog on that diet or reintroduce potential allergens until you identify the culprit and then avoid it from then on. Water and Acidic Foods are Important Increase your cat's or dog’s water intake. Completely unnecessary for people and pets. While only xylitol is toxic to dogs, other sugar substitutes do nothing for your pet nutritionally. Unnamed animal by-products can be so heavily processed that little to no nutrition is left for the pet. One of the leading causes of these stones is food minerals and ingredients. Don’t ignore all the premium, high quality and healthy dog foods that contain whole brown or white rice, oatmeal, barley, whole oat groats, spelt, millet, quinoa, sorghum. To help you find the healthiest foods for your pooch, check out The Best Kind of Protein for Dogs. Once this Frankenstein concoction is compiled, it is heated extensively to remove any pathogens that might be there (they most definitely are). Salt is necessary for both human and canine nutrition. But just because a flavour is listed as “bacon flavour”, does not mean it is natural. Cellulose can be found in your pet’s food, as well as many fast foods, diet foods, processed meat and cheese products, granola and “health” bars, processed breakfast foods, and even ice cream. While not as toxic as its relative, ethylene glycol, FDA approved propylene glycol is still of questionable safety. A cheap ingredient, it is plentiful in many low-quality pet foods as a protein percentage booster. If that isn't enough a reason to avoid them, dogs can't digest wheat or corn. Corn is notoriously hard to digest. Brewers rice is a common carbohydrate source in low quality dog foods, but it's also an ingredient you should avoid. If you spoke to five different veterinarians or animal nutritionists, you would get five different answers in regard to the dog food ingredients that are most important to avoid. All rights reserved. Read also: 10 Best Dog Foods In 2020 Plus Our Picks For The Worst. There are many better alternatives to corn. While it may sound like a whole grain, brewers rice most definitely is not. Watch for STPP in your fish, too. Oh, and it's dirt cheap. In dog food, gluten can be found in any gluten-containing grain, such as wheat or barley. This speaks to a major problem within the pet food industry – that there are so many low-quality ingredients used by pet food manufacturers, that they can’t all be included in one list. You should talk to your vet to have other potential causes ruled out and then put your dog on an elimination diet until all traces of the allergy have disappeared. The reduced bioavailability of plant-based proteins, or the ability of your dog's body to process and use the proteins and nutrients, makes these proteins less usable for energy and body processes from immune response to muscle maintenance to metabolism. That means that the manufacturer can cut their own costs for production while still charging pet owners like you the same price. Used as a humectant, or to keep moisture in semi-moist foods, propylene glycol may be toxic in large amounts. And truthfully, sugar substitutes will do the same for you. It literally grows on trees. Rich inclusion of chicken, beef, or pork in your pet's food, would eliminate the need for flavour enhancers. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(4133719, '02365a5f-0cae-426e-8a7a-95f443ca3d25', {}); If you want to avoid preservatives completely, go with canned dog food. Let's leave this unnecessary, non-nutritive ingredient out of our dog food. Brush teeth, make use of dental care products such as tooth gels, sprays, or oral probiotics, and if necessary, schedule a veterinary cleaning. You're better just to say no to propylene glycol, especially if you have cats in the house. Good question. Few ingredients are as controversial as soy in both human and pet foods. And the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognizes sodium tripolyphosphate as an insecticide, fungicide and rodenticide. According to the FDA, artificial flavours are rare and usually take the form of bacon or smoke flavour. But as common as the flavour enhancer is, MSG can cause troubles for humans and pets alike. The main reason is money – the lower the quality of an ingredient, the lower the price. *Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc., or its affiliates. Note there are no commercial Atlantic salmon fisheries, so if the salmon is listed as Atlantic, it's farmed. According to a fact sheet by the Food & Water Watch, sodium tripolyphosphate can be harmful if inhaled and is a skin irritant (MSDS). Some protein ingredients to avoid include: 1. The cancer rate for consuming farmed fish can be up to 3 times that of wild fish. Rosemary is not recommended for dogs that have any type of seizure disorder, so always check with your vet if your dog has a health condition that might be affected by this ingredients. One of the benefits of canned dog food is that the canning process eliminates the need for chemical preservation. Surprisingly, there's a number of homemade dog food recipes found online that consist of things that no dog should consume(or consume very little, yet the recipe mentions dangerous amounts). And there's no reason to use artificial colouring in food. For humans, the chemical is a skin irritant and an inhalation irritant, as well as being hazardous to ingest. Many pets have digestive sensitivities related to corn. Whenever possible, choose natural preservatives (such as mixed tocopherols, ascorbic acid, and rosemary) and make sure nitrites or nitrates are not in your pet food's ingredient list. – There are more foods that dogs should avoid than could ever be listed here. Wegmans Bruiser Kibble Variety Mix demonstrates the motto that you typically get what you pay for. This is not a comprehensive list of dangerous and/or poor quality ingredients, but it names most of the ones that are used especially in lower-end foods and should be avoided. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(4133719, '1bdfbc75-2d68-4cec-9e51-d57553531e58', {}); This common additive in dental care dog food diets may be helpful for reducing your pet's tartar, but at what cost? The real reason cellulose is being added to foods is that is a cheap binder, emulsifier, anti-caking agent, and can be used in diet foods to resemble fats. While soy is one of those few plant protein sources that actually contain all necessary amino acids, it is often difficult for pets to digest, causing bloat and gas. While you would assume dog food companies would avoid adding toxic ingredients to your pooch’s daily meal, it’s unfortunate that the opposite is true. Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA), Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT), and Ethoxyquin are 3 nasty chemical preservatives. What is wrong with cellulose in dog food? These dog food ingredients come from risky sources and do not provide real nutrition for our dogs. 10 Ingredients to Avoid in Dog’s Food: Make Sure Your Pal Is Eating Right! Avoid tallow and lard, which are very cheap processed ingredients that are low in nutrition. We all know that corn syrup is bad for our health. This list will help you figure out which ingredients you should be looking for and which ingredients you should definitely be avoiding when it comes to dog food brands. They can supplement meat proteins and provide a number of different nutrients. Its accumulation over time in the system has also been linked to cancer, especially when combined with added ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) and alpha-tocopherol (Vitamin E), which are common natural vitamin sources. If you simply want to know whether the food your dog is eating is good or bad, however, you can start by learning about some of the worst dog food ingredients that you should avoid in your dog’s food. We promise not to share your information. Some of the more extreme examples include giving your dog large amounts of garlic as a way to prevent intestinal worms or feeding your pup avocado, “because it’s h… White flour is not necessary in your diet or your pet’s – choose nutritious, novel whole grains instead. There is no substitute for regular dental care for your pet. According to PetMD, however, your carnivorous pet should not have a carbohydrate-rich diet, as dog food low in protein has been linked to dogs becoming obese. These include: ETHOXYQUIN is used to preserve fats. Check with a veterinary website before you feed your dog anything that isn't marketed as dog food. Is Grain Free Dog Food Really Better? Always check the ingredients on the label and do not buy the food if the main ingredients (or first couple of ingredients) include the following: Meat and Bone Meal - Meat and bone meal is a product of the rendering industry. You will find a list of the top 10 worst dog food ingredients below as well as tips for choosing a high-quality pet food product. You think you know what you are feeding your dog, but how much do you really know about the ingredients used in that food? While it may sound like a whole grain, brewers rice most definitely is not. The most common symptoms of food allergies in dogs are skin-related. Just like proteins, most of the fats in your dog’s diet should come from animal sources – that includes things like salmon oil and chicken fat as well as fish proteins like fresh tuna or menhaden fish meal. What foods should dogs avoid? While it can be safely metabolized by your dog's liver into safe compounds and manufacturers assure us of its safety for use in food, propylene glycol has been found to be toxic to cats, causing Heinz body anemia. Xylitol causes a surge in your pet's blood sugar and then a subsequent drop, which can result in hyperglycemia. Go for natural preservatives, such as rosemary extract, instead. Unless your dog has a specific allergy, any kind of animal protein like meat, poultry, or fish makes for an excellent first ingredient. These ingredients are always the leftovers, and the only guarantee is that there is no guarantee on any standard of quality. Artificial colours make things look more visually appealing. To go to Food Bad For Dogs click here To go to Dog Food Additives click here To go to Plants and Your Dog click here. They do have carbohydrates, which can result in weight gain. Avoid foods with pea protein high up in the ingredient list, especially within the first 7 ingredients. ©2016 Homes Alive Pet Centre. Studies have been inconclusive so far, but BHA and BHT have been linked to child hyperactivity and even cancer. Organ meats are a type of animal by-product, and are a healthy ingredient in pet food. The FDA regulations for “animal fa… To help get you started, here’s a closer look at some of the worst offenders. In that case, look for starchy vegetables like white potatoes or sweet potatoes and other gluten-free, grain-free options like beans and legumes. However, it's not just human foods you have to be concerned about. DogFood.Guide is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to While fibre is beneficial to digestion, if you and your pet are eating a balanced diet with whole foods – including fruits, veggies, and unrefined grains – you should be getting all the fibre you need. The key to choosing a healthy dog food is going with vegetable-based proteins that are beneficial and easy to digest. Sugar substitutes are alternatives, but they're questionably healthy. However, too much salt is harmful to both us and our pets. Sugar substitutes can be deadly for pets, and new research shows that they aren't doing you any favours, either. When you pick up a package of dog food, it is easy to be distracted by pretty pictures and lofty health claims, but the important information is easy to miss. Your dog's natural food colour may not be that visually appealing, but you might just notice the difference quality makes in his skin and coat, health, and vitality. Common fillers used in pet foods include things like rice bran, corn bran, soybean hulls, wheat mill run, modified cornstarch, oat hulls, and the like. Common high-carbohydrate ingredients include corn, wheat, potatoes, rice, and oats. That means the first five or six are used in the highest volume, so those ingredients should all be of high quality and sound nutritional value for your dog. Brewers rice is not even whole white rice, it is fragments of rice that are left over after white rice has been processed. Did you know that these Dangerous Dog Food Ingredients in Commercial Dog Food Cause Diseases, Illnesses, Allergies and Death. The list goes on. Brewers rice contains few nutrients, only really serving as a source of quick energy for your … An easier way to look at it is, if a high-quality source of animal protein isn’t at the top of the list, don’t buy it. Some common human foods that are poisonous to dogs are chocolate, caffeine, onions, garlic, and sweetcorn. Food needs flavour to be appealing. What To Look For In Dog Food: Checking Ingredients…, Earthborn Holistic Dog Food Review 2020: Love Your…, Different Types of Dog Food Available to Feed your Dog, Caru Dog Food Review 2020: Nourish your Pets with Love, Best Food for Your Doberman Pinschers: Top Puppy,…, Dog Nutrition Guide: Everything You Need to Know…, 10 Best Dog Foods In 2020 Plus Our Picks For The Worst. Don’t give your pet alkalizing foods such as apples, bananas, cabbage, broccoli, beans, potatoes, pumpkin, millet, honey, alfalfa, non-distilled vinegar (organic apple cider vinegar), squash. In addition to the foods to avoid, there are also several ingredients you will want to be sure are included in your dog’s diet. It is important to be diligent when selecting the right type of food for your dog, and thanks to this wonderful infographic we received from, this job has just been made a bit easier. Basically, it is a mixed “meat” broth that is heavily processed. Avoid non-descript terms such as poultry fat, animal fat, vegetable oil, and fish oil, favouring named ingredients such as salmon oil, chicken fat, beef fat, pork fat, and coconut oil instead. High levels of salt can contribute to high blood pressure and other suspected health conditions including stomach cancer, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. It's also addictive, and the more your dog eats, the more he'll develop a taste for all things sugary sweet. One of the best ways to begin is learning how to read pet food labels, so you can avoid the ingredients harmful to your pet’s health. Sodium hexametaphosphate is dangerous in high doses, but can also have adverse effects merely with ingestion. You and your pet would be better off enjoying whole food treats, such as fresh fruits and veggies. Stinky ears and chronic ear infections, itching, and hot spots are all common signs of gluten sensitivity or allergy in your pet. And don’t worry if the protein name is followed by the word “meal” – this simply means that the fresh meat has been cooked to remove moisture and it means that the ingredient is a very highly-concentrated source of protein. Once again, why choose anything else when what your dog and cat needs most is real meat? Nitrites and nitrates, commonly found in prepared meats such as sausages, bacon, ham, hot dogs, and deli meats, are a preservative used to extend the shelf life of meat products. Gluten, found in grains, is not a natural food for dogs or cats to consume. Thus, they are unnecessary ingredients which are just used as a cheap filler for dog food. Meat, meat meal, carbohydrates, grains, vegetables, fruits, vitamins, minerals and other nutients. Salmon is healthy for both you and your pets, but the wrong salmon can include harmful toxins. Like calcium oxalate, protein, salt and sodium, and vitamin C. To avoid such complication pet owners should avoid such foods and feed their pets only the required amount of these minerals and ingredients. Farmed salmon, which is listed just as salmon, salmon meal, and salmon oil in your pet’s food can add mercury, PCBs, and other fat-soluble toxins to the diet. In pet foods (as well as human foods) it is used to make up for the lack of flavour in low-quality ingredients. Be skeptical about the quality of ingredients when flavour needs to be added. A huge animal lover, born and raised around dogs, cats, chickens... It has been determined safe by the FDA and AAFCO as a food additive, however the “degraded” variant, called poligeenan (which is not permitted in food), has been shown to be potentially harmful. When manufacturers include “anything goes”, non-descript terms, such as "meat", it is always a guess at what's in them. Cellulose is indigestible. Prepared meats are high-fat, high-salt items can be occasional treats for you (think: once a week or less), but are better to avoid feeding your pet. This process also removes most nutrients that might be in these questionable ingredients. While it is GRAS (generally regarded as safe) to eat, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (a division of the CDC), suspects it may be a neurotoxin. Yes, they are tasty, but they are not very good for your pet. The problem is nothing is for sure. Digestible carbohydrates like whole grains are quality ingredients for most dogs unless your dog is allergic or sensitive to grains. Tried fresh, human-grade food for your dog yet? Sodium nitrite is an approved preservative in pet foods, and can be toxic in high doses by causing a blood disorder called methaemoglobin. Salt is usually found in sufficient quantities in your pet’s food without adding it directly. The only reason artificial colours are used in any food is to make the food look better to you. Companies commonly add unhealthy ingredients (and even downright toxic ones) to even the most innocent-looking kibble. Dog food labels do not state “Anti-Yeast,” so it is essential to know what ingredients to look for on the ingredient list. Not necessarily. These super premium, minimally processed foods are filled with nutritional ingredients such as free-range chicken, organic vegetables, and whole fruits complete with antioxidants. Price is not always an indicator of quality, but the ingredients list doesn't lie – if you know how to read it. Fillers – As a general rule, you should avoid any dog food that uses a lot of ingredients that do not provide significant nutritional value – this is the case with fillers. BHA and BHT are chemicals added to oils (fats) as preservatives that can be found in pet foods and treats. This fat can come from roadkill, dead zoo animals, or even euthanized animals. If your dog eats something he is allergic to, it may not cause an immediate gastrointestinal symptom. These foods do not contain cheap, questionable ingredients that many manufacturers use to turn a high profit or make their food impossibly cheap. Other complications can include seizures, liver failure, and even death. After all, if the food contained plenty of healthy, nutritive, and protein-rich meat, why the need for meat flavour?

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